Health Concerns - Foot & Ankle Ailments

The human foot is an immensely practical, beautifully designed structure built to bear many times its weight all day, every day. Feet carry our whole body weight. When we stand, walk or run our weight is distributed between the balls and the heels of our feet. The arches of our feet distribute our body weight evenly. However, there are many reasons why our body weight can be distributed unevenly; flat feet, high arches, unsuitable footwear, incorrect gait or a deformity of the foot. These can lead to certain areas of the foot suffering from excess wear and tear, or to the build-up of dead skin which forms corns and calluses. These conditions can sometimes be very painful and restrict our normal daily activities.

Most of us neglect our feet, so we may develop painful symptoms later in life. When your feet start hurting and hamper your daily routine, then you need to find a good foot specialist.

Common foot ailments:
Foot & Ankle Ailmentsips

Common painful foot conditions include:

  • Corns and calluses
  • Heel pain
  • Metatarsalgia: a common condition that affects the joints and bones of the metatarsals. You feel a pain in the front part of your foot under the heads of your metatarsal bones-the ball of your foot.
  • Bunion deformity
  • Tendonitis
  • Sprains
  • Foot & Ankle Ailmentsips
  • Soft tissue injuries
  • Shoe bites (Painful sores caused by an ill-fitting new pair of shoes)
  • Blisters
  • Stress fractures
  • In-growing toenails
  • Achilles Pain
  • Athlete’s Foot
  • Flat feet
  • Over-pronation (The amount of over-pronation can vary from mild to severe. In severe over-pronation the feet and ankles can rotate too far inward just during standing. Over-pronation can negatively affect your body alignment).
Causes of foot ailments:
Foot & Ankle Ailmentsips

There are different causes of foot ailments including:

  • Diabetes and cardiovascular conditions (A podiatrist plays a major role in helping diabetes patients successfully avoid or manage foot-related complications.)
  • Arthritis (A foot has 33 joints and they can be affected by arthritis.)
  • Foot and ankle injuries
  • Muscle and tendon problems
  • Skin disorders
  • Toe joint and nerve disorders
  • Ill-fitting footwear (Wearing shoes with narrow and pointed tips, high heels, thin soles or with inadequate padding are bad for your feet. Shoe bite, blisters, corns and calluses, sprains, tendonitis and stress fractures are some common conditions causes by incorrect footwear. People with diabetes, flat feet, high arches or over-pronation should pay special attention when choosing their footwear and consider getting advice from a podiatrist beforehand.
  • Incorrect nail trimming (this can cause infected in-growing toenails. Therefore, one should be very careful when trimming one’s nails. If people find it hard to trim their toenails, then they might find it helpful to visit a podiatrist for assistance.
  • Fungal infections (These can make your nails thick, discoloured and misshapen. Anti-fungal treatments are readily available from your podiatrist.
What is diabetic foot?
Foot & Ankle Ailmentsips

Foot problems are common amongst diabetics and are also a major cause of morbidity (conditions that can be extremely damaging to the body) and if left untreated can lead to amputation. Over the years, blood circulation in the legs can slow down in a diabetic patient, making them more prone to health problems. When you have diabetes, it becomes all the more important to take proper care of your feet to avoid any complications.

The common foot problems in diabetes patients are ulceration, infection and neuropathic osteoarthropathy. Neuropathic osteoarthropathy, also known as Charcot Joint or Charcot Foot, is the progressive degeneration of a weight-bearing joint

If you have any foot or ankle issues, please visit our SOLUTION section. We can help you!